Memulai batch

Written By pcbolong on Sunday, April 5, 2009 | 12:56 PM

Batch adalah perintah - perintah yang ada pada DOS (Disk Operating System), yaitu sistem operasi jaman doeloe sebelum ada windows. Tapi sampai sekarang masih diincludekan dalam windows. Perintah2 dalam batch programming menggunakan semua perintah dalam DOS OPS.SYS. Dapat dilihat dengan mengetikkan help di console command. Di bawah ini saya sertakan perintah2 nya:
O:\26--AN~1\batch\belajar>help
For more information on a specific command, type HELP command-name

ASSOC Displays or modifies file extension associations.
AT Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
ATTRIB Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK Sets or clears extended
CTRL+C checking.

CACLS Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.

CALL Calls one batch program from another.
CD Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHCP Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHKDSK Checks a disk and displays a status report.

CHKNTFS Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.

CLS Clears the screen.
CMD Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.

COLOR Sets the default console foreground and background colors.

COMP Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.

COMPACT Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.

CONVERT Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.
COPY Copies one or more files to another location.

DATE Displays or sets the date.

DEL Deletes one or more files.

DIR Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.

DISKCOMP Compares the contents of two floppy disks.

DISKCOPY Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
DOSKEY Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.

ECHO Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.

ENDLOCAL Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.

ERASE Deletes one or more files.

EXIT Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).

FC Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences
between them.
FIND Searches for a text string in a file or files.

FINDSTR Searches for strings in files.
FOR Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.

FORMAT Formats a disk for use with Windows.

FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.

GOTO Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a
batch program. GRAFTABL Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode. HELP Provides Help information for Windows commands.
IF Performs conditional processing in batch programs.

LABEL Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.

MD Creates a directory.
MKDIR Creates a directory.

MODE Configures a system device.
MORE Displays output one screen at a time.

MOVE Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
PATH Displays or sets a search path for executable files.

PAUSE Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
POPD Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.

PRINT Prints a text file.
PROMPT Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD Saves the current directory then changes it.

RD Removes a directory.
RECOVER Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.

REM Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.

REN Renames a file or files.

RENAME Renames a file or files.

REPLACE Replaces files.

RMDIR Removes a directory.

SET Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.

SETLOCAL Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SHIFT Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SORT Sorts input.

START Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.

SUBST Associates a path with a drive letter.
TIME Displays or sets the system time.
TITLE Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.

TREE Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.

TYPE Displays the contents of a text file.

VER Displays the Windows version.

VERIFY Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written
correctly to a disk.
VOL Displays a disk volume label and serial number.

XCOPY Copies files and directory trees.

Untuk mengetahui cara2 menggunakan perintah tersebut satu2, ketikkan command /? . Contoh:
O:\26--AN~1\batch\belajar>title /?
Sets the window title for the command prompt window.

TITLE [string]
string Specifies the title for the command prompt window.

Nah sekarang mulai untuk memprogram......
Program batch sederhana yaitu memunculkan tulisan "halo". Caranya ketikkan echo halo maka outputnya adalah halo. Screenshootnya seperti di bawah ini:
Cara di atas jika command nya langsung diketikkan di console...Biar agak keren dikit, kita bisa ketikkan command di text editor dan kemudian simpan dalam extensi .bat. Setelah itu tinggal dipanggil.......He he, bingung yah...ok...gini loh....

Buka text editor, bisa notepad, bisa edit.exe dan bisa editor yg lain.....kalo saya pake editor dari dos, yaitu edit. Untuk memanggil edit, ketikkan command edit di console...lalu muncul layar seperti di bawah:
Langsung aja ketikkan perintah di bawah ini:
echo halo
dan simpan dengan extensi .bat, misal halo.bat. Lalu di console ketikkan halo.bat untuk memanggil halo.bat. Maka outputnya adalah :
O:\26--AN~1\batch\belajar>halo.bat

O:\26--AN~1\batch\belajar>echo halo
halo

Nah....sekian dulu. Sampe sini, kita sudah bisa mengerti dasar2 batch programming...
enough for today. Maybe i will continued in next time....
^_^

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